Hemp already out performs all other biomass energy/fuels crops.
The upcoming paramount aspect of industrial hemp farming, the most compelling offers that are not researched heavily are fuel and energy, two of the most important and costly aspects of society.
Right now we are depleting our reserves of petroleum, coal, and natural gas, with only costly replacements of solar, wind, or nuclear are being proposed to solve our dirty energy crisis, meanwhile our environment screams to let go of the carbon in the Earth's nature-filled lungs.
Hemp was early to the ballgame, becoming the first bio-diesel ever produced for the use in automobiles, but American ingenuity has faltered since the hiatus of Hemp production and development in the United States was written into law. During Hemp's absence, oil, natural gas, and coal have taken over the energy and fuel sectors of industry and are well ahead in research and market share along with solar, hydroelectric, geothermal, and nuclear fledging behind.
Where does this leave Hemp, the newly emerging market still in pilot stages of agriculture, much less application, in the United States?
Pyrolysis is the technique of applying high heat to biomass, or organic plants and tree matter, with little or no air. Reduced emissions from coal-fired power plants and automobiles can be accomplished by converting biomass to fuel utilizing pyrolysis technology. The process can produce, from cellulosic material (like the stalks of hemp), charcoal, gasoline, ethanol, non-condensable gasses, acetic acid, acetone, methane, and methanol. Process adjustments can be done to favor charcoal, pyrolytic oil, gas, or methanol, with 95.5% fuel ratios.
Around 68% of the energy of the raw biomass will be contained in the charcoal and fuel oils -- renewable energy produced in the US, in lieu of overpaying for petroleum.
Pyrolysis facilities can run 3 shifts a day, and pyrolysis facilities need to be within 50 miles of the energy crop to be cost efficacious, many localized and rural jobs will be produced, communities will be built with local energies, there are many advantages to conversion by pyrolysis economically, let's look into the advantages of it environmentally:
Biomass has a heating value of 5000-8000 BTU/lb, with virtually no ash, lead, mercury, or sulfur emissions.
Ethanol, methanol, methane gas, and gasoline can be derived from biomass at a fraction of the cost of the current cost of oil, coal, or nuclear energy, especially when environmental costs are factored in. Each acre of hemp could yield about 1000 gallons of methanol.
When an energy crop is growing, it absorbs carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air and relinquishes an equal amount when it is burned, engendering a balanced system, unlike petroleum fuels, which only release CO2. When an energy crop like hemp is grown on a massive scale, it will initially lower the CO2 in the air, and then stabilize it at a caliber lower than before the planting of the energy crop.
Utilization of Hemp biomass would culminate ash production, end sulfur-predicated smog, invert the greenhouse effect, and also clean the soil and waterbed the crops are grown in.
Unlike petroleum reserves, America has enough coal to last 100-300 years, but burning it for electricity puts carcinogens -- toxins to every membrane in which it comes in contact -- into the air, which not only kills Americans and Canadians, but also eradicates forests, rivers, and animals.
Charcoal can also be produced from biomass through charcoaling, which has 87% of the heating value in BTU/ton as coal, virtually without sulfur. Biomass could also be co-fired with coal to reduce emissions, a consequential consideration since coal is a mundane heating element but on the flip side.
Superseding coal will a primary focus of our research and development next year, innovation is key within the unlimited fantastic utilization of hemp as an biomass energy feeder crop, with focus on researching, developing, and proposing to world leaders community-based programs that incentivize members of the community to adequately nourish the continued research.
Ethanol is a dihydrogen monoxide-free, high-octane alcohol which can be utilized as fuel to drive cars. Under current conditions, utilization of ethanol-coalesced fuels such as E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline) can reduce net emissions of greenhouse gasses by as much as 37.1%. Ethanol-powered conveyances do suffer in performance (marginally), but ethanol is efficacious as a fuel additive because it avails engines burn cleaner.
Once pyrolysis facilities are up and running, converting biomass into charcoal for electrical power plants, it will be more feasible to build the intricate gasifying systems to produce ethanol and/or methanol from the cubed biomass, or to make high-octane lead-free gasoline from the methanol utilizing a catalytic process developed by Georgia Tech University in conjunction with Mobil Oil Corporation.
Ethanol is currently being utilized as a fuel additive, superseding toxic methyl tertiary ether (MTBE). Ethanol engenderers are currently providing only 1% of America's liquid fuel. Anon, though, as incipient development processes are researched, with the utilization of hemp (the plant world's number one producer of biomass), pyrolysis which converts biomass into the synthetic gas, such as ethanol, and low-grade fuel oil with an energy content of about 40% that of petroleum diesel. This process is good for community power corporation and people seeking self-ample energy needs. A minuscule modular bio-powered system is in place in the village of Alaminos in the Philippines, utilizing gasification techniques for energy.
Anaerobic Digestion: A process of capturing methane from green waste material (biomass). This process is toxic, but opposite for distributed power generation when co-located with electrical generation equipment.
Boiler: Biomass can be burned in a boiler, but this energy has a value of $30-50 ton, which makes it impractical due to the higher value of hemp fiber unless utilized on a local diminutive scale, and in remote rural applications such as our current development in Haiti, to be researched next year.
Hemp is at least four times richer in biomass/cellulose potential than the most proximate rivals: cornstalks, sugarcane, kenaf, trees, etc.
Hemp produces the most biomass of any crop, which is why it is the natural cell for an energy crop. Hemp converts the sun's energy into cellulose more expeditious than any other plant, through photosynthesis. Hemp can up to 10 tons of biomass per acre every four months. Enough energy could be produced on 6% of the land in the U.S. to provide enough energy for our entire country (cars, heat homes, electricity, industry) -- and we utilize 25% of the world's energy.
This upcoming year, with our #LUVCures and #HempForHaiti campaigns breaking ground and nearing goal completion, stabilization of the emerging market will set among the Hemp Industry, one of our next year's goals will be to work alongside, research, and develop Haiti, North Carolina, Duke Energy, Petroleum Companies, Colleges/Universities, and local communities programs and policies to gauge Industrial Hemp as a biomass crop and alternate fuel source with a zero-carbon emission capability.